The Essential Guide For First Time Parents
»Shopping Guide: Baby Essentials Checklist For Newborns«

A baby’s needs are very simple at first, so save on costs by buying only the essentials and add to these later as required.

  1. Baby Development Stages: Length, Questions, Speech, Spoiling.
  2. Guideline For Baby Feeding: Breast Feeding, Artificial Feeding, Overfeeding.
  3. Essentials For Babies: Medicine, Mothercraft, Napkins, Sun Baths, Toys, Vitamin Needs.
  4. Baby Care Tips: Hot Weather, Lactation, Prune Juice, Rusks, Solid Foods, Travelling, Smoking Mother, Teats On Bottles.
  5. Baby BehaviorsTeething, Thumb Sucking, Toilet Training, Understanding Children.
  6. Baby Skin ConditionsHives, Impetigo, Jaundice, Nappy Rash, Prickly Heat Rash.
  7. Baby Illnesses And ConditionsAllergies, Birthmarks, Bowel Motions, Hernias, Infections, Kidney Infections, Respiratory Problems, Ringworm, Thrush, Tongue Tie, Umbilical Problems.

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  • Baby Development Stages

    1. Length
      • The length of baby at birth is far less variable than his weight. On average, a newborn baby measures 50cm (20in).
    2. Questions
      • Is my baby normal? . . . When will he start walking? . . . How long before his teeth start showing?
    3. Speech
      • There is a wide range of “normal” when it comes to learning the art of talking.
    4. Spoiling
      • Nowhere is the art of tender loving care more intimate than between a mother and her baby.


  • Guideline For Baby Feeding

    1. Breastfeeding
      • “Breast fed babies are the best fed babies.” This old time slogan still holds true. Unfortunately, many mothers believe this is too time consuming, or can’t be bothered.
    2. Artificial Feeding
      • If breast feeding is not practical, then baby may be fed artificially. This is in the form of cow’s milk, either straight or made up from various commercial forms.
    3. Overfeeding
      • There is nothing so tine as a well fed, contented baby. But in recent years, more and more attention is being focused on the fact that many babies are overfed.


  • Essentials For Babies

    1. Medicine
      • As a general rule, it is not wise to administer medicines without prior advice from an expert. Today, there is an enormous range of medicines available. Many of these are powerful drugs.
    2. Mothercraft
      • This subject entails a general knowledge of the basics of baby care. Experienced mothers know what to do. First time mothers are not so wise.
    3. Napkins
      • Over the years, napkins have undergone all sorts of changes in regard to the way they are applied.
    4. Sun Baths
      • Allowing baby to have a good kick around in the sun is a fine idea. Often this is best during early mid-morning.
    5. Toys
      • What baby doesn’t have a room half filled with toys? It seems incumbent upon every neighbor, relation, friend to ply the new baby (and growing infant) with toys.
    6. Vitamin Needs
      • Vitamins are certainly an important factor in life.


  • Baby Care Tips

    1. Hot Weather
      • Every summer, a major tragedy (one or more) occurs in nearly every big city. It’s because some mothers are completely unaware that hot weather can produce special hazards for baby.
    2. Lactation
      • Ideally baby will be breast fed. As has already been pointed out under (“Breast Feeding”), baby’s best chances of developing normally and healthily come when this form of feeding is used.
    3. Prune Juice
      • The idea that prunes (and prune juice) are the “ideal laxative” has been around for many decades. Indeed, prunes do have a beneficial effect on the bowel of the baby and infant.
    4. Rusks
      • These have been around for a long time, and many mothers still find them useful.
    5. Solid Foods
      • At present there is a major controversy being waged by the experts as to the best time to introduce solid foods into baby’s diet.
    6. Travelling

      • Plenty of circumstances will occur where baby has to travel with the parents.
    7. Smoking Mother
      • Most mothers-to-be should be well aware of the potential hazards of smoking during pregnancy.
    8. Teats On Bottles
      • Hygiene at all times is essential. The teat should be always sterilized before use. An enormous number of germs can lodge on a single teat; in this way disease can be readily and rapidly transmitted to baby.


  • Normal Baby Behavior

    1. Teething
      • Teething time can often be a problem time, not only for baby but for the parents. As baby cuts his teeth, he often becomes unhappy and irritable.
    2. Thumb Sucking
      • Thumb sucking is a universal baby pastime. It is a projection of breast feeding. To baby, it may spell comfort and solace.
    3. Toilet Training
      • Baby’s toilet training is an emotive subject. It is enshrouded with social feeling, status, and pride.
    4. Understanding Children
      • From birth to the age of five years is a very important period in the development of the emotional life of the child.


  • Baby Skin Conditions

    1. Hives
      • Urticaria is the name given to an irritating red raised itchy skin condition which is often allergic in nature. A common form is hives. These red raised patches may be excessively itchy.
    2. Impetigo
      • “Impetigo” is a superficial infection of the skin caused by the “Staphylococcal” or “Staph” for short. It is common in school children, and can often be brought into the home and readily transmitted to babies.
    3. Jaundice
      • Jaundice means that the skin turns from the normal healthy-looking white appearance to a yellowish shade. This can vary from an almost imperceptible shade to a deep yellow.
    4. Nappy Rash
      • Baby’s skin is very tender and sensitive. For this reason it is wise to avoid anything that will produce irritation.
    5. Prickly Heat Rash
      • This is a very common with babies, and is more prevalent in hot summer months. It is also commoner in humid weather, when moisture in the atmosphere becomes an added irritant.


  • Baby Illnesses And Conditions

    1. Allergies
      • Allergies are very common in small children. Just about every known symptom in babyhood has been attributed to an allergy, but of course this is usually incorrect.
    2. Birthmarks
      • Many babies have birth-marks. Sometimes these are present at birth. Others do not develop until several weeks have elapsed.
    3. Bowel Motions
      • Many mothers develop a “bowel phobia” with their babies. Certainly, normal bowel actions are the ideal. But the range of what is normal can vary considerably.
    4. Hernias
      • A hernia is a protrusion of parts of the abdomen through apertures (that have not normally closed at birth) in the front wall of the abdomen. Hernias occur most commonly in two areas, the umbilical region (navel) and inguinal (groin) area.
    5. Infections
      • Babies are “‘sitting shots” for infections. During the first year of their life, they have a good deal of naturally inherited resistance to many common diseases. This comes from the mother.
    6. Kidney Infections
      • Infections of the urinary system are common. The age group between two months and two years is the most at risk.
    7. Respiratory Problems
      • This huge group of problems affects most babies sooner or later. It is very easy for baby to pick up an infection.
    8. Ringworm
      • This is a common condition seen in small children. It is an infection with a “fungus” (a particular variety of germ).
    9. Thrush
      • Thrush is the common name given to an infection of the oral cavity, and it is common in babies.
    10. Tongue Tie
      • All sorts of symptoms are blamed on to innocuous “tongue tie”. This very seldom produces problems, but if it does, the solution is simple.
    11. Umbilical Problems
      • Before birth baby is fed through the umbilical cord. This is sealed off at birth, leaving a scar called the navel.